What Is Akam And Puram?

What is the importance of the Sangam literature?

Sangam literature is one of the main sources used for documenting the early history of the ancient Tamil country.

The ancient Sangam poems mention numerous kings and princes, the existence of some of whom have been confirmed through archaeological evidence..

Why was Sangam Organised?

Sangam is basically a Tamil literacy academies so established by Pandyan kings, … Sangam a collection of poem was organised to admire and praise the chiefs.

Why Sangam age is so called?

The Sangam Age is so called because this period refers to the gatherings of poets and bards and it is believed that the first Sangam was attended by Gods and legendary sages.

What are the three Sangam?

According to Tamil legends, there were three Sangam periods, namely Head Sangam, Middle Sangam and Last Sangam period. Historians use the term Sangam period to refer the last of these, with the first two being legendary.

Is Sangam age important for UPSC?

Such was the age of ‘Sangam Period’ which was lived by three great dynasties of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. Going by the trend of UPSC questions asked in prelims and mains, it can be assumed that this is an important topic for IAS Exam. The syllabus of History has three segments and ancient history is one of them.

Who was the first Chola king of Sangam age?

Vijayalaya Chola848–871(?) The Chola dynasty was a Tamil thalassocratic empire of southern India, one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the world’s history….Chola Dynasty• 848–871Vijayalaya Chola (first)• 1246–1279Rajendra Chola III (last)Historical eraMiddle Ages• Established3rd century BCE15 more rows

What is this Sangam?

The Sangam means an ‘association’. Here, it refers to Tamil Sangam, an association of Tamil poets, which flourished in ancient history of South India. These Tamil poets composed the Sangam literature and the period in which it was composed is called Sangam Age.

What is meant by Sangam literature?

Sangam means a gathering of learned men. The literature compiled in such gatherings is known as ‘Sangam Literature’. It is the most ancient literature in Tamil. A whole time period is labelled after this known as the Sangam Age.

When was Tolkappiyam written?

…work in the Tamil language, Tolkappiyam (1st–4th century ce; “Ancient Literature”), is a treatise on grammar and poetics. Its existence presupposes a large body of literature that was probably available in the form of anthologies.

What is Chera Chola Pandya?

The Three Crowned rulers, or the Three Glorified by Heaven or World of the Three, primarily known as Moovendhar, refers to the triumvirate of Chera, Chola and Pandya who dominated the politics of the ancient Tamil country, Tamilakam, from their three Nadu (countries) of Chola Nadu, Pandya Nadu (present day Madurai and …

Who attended the first Sangam?

Later literary works like Iraiyanar Akaporul mention that 549 poets were members of it including Shiva, Murugan, Kuperan and seven Pandya kings. And 16,149 authors attended the convocation. Its chief works were Perumparipadal, Mudukuruku, Mudunarai and Kalariyavirai.

Where was the first Sangam held?

MaduraiThe first Sangam (mutaṟcaṅkam)mudharchangam is described as having been held at “the Madurai which was submerged by the sea”, lasted a total of 4400 years, and had 549 members, which supposedly included some gods of the Hindu pantheon such as Siva, Kubera, Murugan and Agastya.

What information do we get from Sangam literature?

Sangam writings are possibly unique in early Indian literature, which is almost entirely religious. The poems are concerned with two main topics: those of the first five collections are on love (akam), and those of the next two are on heroism (puram), including the praise of kings and their deeds.

What was the cause of decline of Sangam age?

The Pandyas profited from trade with the Roman Empire. Their power declined with the invasion of a tribe called the Kalabhras. After the Sangam Age, this dynasty lost its significance for more than century, only to rise once again at the end of the 6th century.